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  Milk is a rich source of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals and is therefore an important source of nutrients. One pint (600ml) of milk supplies 7/8 of calcium, slightly less than 1/3rd of riboflavin, over 1/4th of proteins and just under 1/5th of Vitamin A requirements of a moderately active man for one day.

Composition: The proportion of proteins fats and carbohydrates make it an ideal diet for the newborns. The composition of milk varies appreciably with the breed of animal, the season and time of the year, the fodder supplied and the stage of lactation.

Calories (per 100 ml)   

Cow's milk provides 80 kcal (336kJ)
Buffalo's milk provides 100 kcal (420 kJ)

Table showing Nutrients per 100 ml of milk

Nutrients Cow Milk Buffalo Milk
Proteins 3.5% 4%
Fats 3.6% - 4.5% 7% - 8.8%
Carbohydrates (Lactose milk sugar) 4.5% 4.5%
Vitamin content in mg per 100ml of milk
Vitamin A 45 72
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 0.04 0.04
Riboflavin 0.17 0.14
Nicotinic Acid 0.1 0.1
Vitamin C 1 1
Vitamin D 0.1 0.18
Vitamin E 0.1 0.1
Mineral content in mg per 100 ml of milk
Calcium 122 150
Phosphorus 92 100
Iron 0.1 0.1
Sodium 50 50
Potassium 160 160

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