Aid in Case of Burns
Degree Burns :
First degree burns damage the outer layer of skin.
2. mild pain
1. Immediately submerge the affected
part in cold water.
2. Hold it under cold running water, or place
cold, wet cloths on it until the pain decreases.
3. Cover with a
clean, dry gauze dressing for protection.
Degree Burns :
Second degree burns go through to the second layer of skin.
Characteristics : 1. blisters 2. rough, red skin 3.
swelling 4. extreme pain.
Treatment : 1. Immerse in cold water or have cold, wet
cloths applied to it immediately. 2. Gently blot area dry. Do not
rub. Rubbing may break the blister, opening it to infection. 3.
Cover wound with dry, sterile bandage. 4. If burn is located on arm
or leg, keep limb elevated as much as possible.
Third Degree Burns :
Involves all layers of skin
Characteristics : Charred skin and extremely painful
Treatment : Seek immediate medical attention. Never
immerse in water. DO NOT remove clothing adhered to wound. Remove
other articles of clothing in burned area , including jewelry. Cover
entire area with thick sterile dressing.
Chemical, Thermal or Contact Burns : Run cold water over the
burn for a minimum of 30 minutes. If the burn is small enough, keep
it completely under water. Flushing the burn takes priority over
calling for help. Flush the burn FIRST. If the victim's clothing is
stuck to the burn, don't try to remove it. Tear or Cut the Cloth
from the near of the burn which is not stuck to the burns.Cover the
burn with a clean, cotton material. Don't use any other thing than
Cotton. Do not apply any soap, ointment, or home remedies. Don't
offer the burn victim anything to drink or eat, but keep the victim
covered with a blanket to maintain a normal body temperature until
medical help arrives.
Electric Shock Burn : Don't touch the victim if he is
still in contact of electricity. Touch only then when you are sure
that victim is not in contact of electricity. check for any airway
obstruction, and to check breathing and circulation. Administer CPR
if necessary. Once the victim is stable, begin to run cold water
over the burns for a minimum of 30 minutes. Don't move the victim
and don't scrub the burns or apply any soap, ointment, or home
remedies. After flushing the burn, apply a clean, cotton cloth to
the burn. If cotton is not available, don't use anything. Keep the
victim warm and still and try to maintain a normal body temperature
until medical help arrives.
Heat Stroke or Sun Stroke :Heat stroke is much more
serious and occurs when the body's sweat glands have shut down.
Symptoms : Mental confusion, collapse, unconsciousness, fever
with dry, mottled skin.
Treatment : A heat stroke victim will die quickly, so don't
wait for medical help to arrive--assist immediately. The first thing
you can do is move the victim to a cool place out of the sun and
begin pouring cool water over the victim. Fan the victim to provide
good air circulation until medical help arrives.
Sun Burn :
Treatment : Apply cool compresses to the burned area
to reduce pain and swelling, or take a cool shower. If the sunburn
involves your back or an area you can't reach, soak in a tub of cool
water. Take aspirin or another non-aspirin pain reliever to reduce
pain. Apply a thin paste of baking soda and water or calamine lotion
to alleviate pain. If blisters form, never break them intentionally.
If blisters do break, apply an antibiotic ointment and cover the
blisters with a sterile dressing.
Note: Most sunburn is minor, but you should seek
medical help if the sunburn is severe, covers more than one-fourth
of your body, or involves extensive blistering.
First Aid Products for Burns :
Cool It™ topical cooling gel
Spenco® 2nd Skin
Water Jel® products
Ice Cold spray