Dengue fever is a disease caused by a
family of viruses that are transmitted
by mosquitoes. It is an acute illness of
sudden onset that usually follows a
benign course with symptoms such as
headache, fever, exhaustion, severe
muscle and joint pain, swollen glands (lymphadenopathy),
and rash. The presence (the "dengue
triad") of fever, rash, and headache
(and other pains) is particularly
characteristic of dengue. Other signs of
dengue fever include bleeding gums,
severe pain behind the eyes, and red
palms and soles.
Dengue (pronounced DENG-gay) strikes
people with low levels of immunity.
Because it is caused by one of four
serotypes of virus, it is possible to
get dengue fever multiple times.
However, an attack of dengue produces
immunity for a lifetime to that
particular serotype to which the patient
Dengue goes by other names, including "breakbone"
or "dandy fever."
Dengue starts with chills, headache,
pain upon moving the eyes, and low
backache. Painful aching in the legs and
joints occurs during the first hours of
illness. The temperature rises quickly
as high as 104 F (40 C), with relative
low heart rate (bradycardia) and low
blood pressure (hypotension). The eyes
become reddened. A flushing or pale pink
rash comes over the face and then
disappears. The glands (lymph nodes) in
the neck and groin are often swollen.
Some Dietary tips for Dengue fever:
The food you should give to a dengue
patient should be such that it can be
easily digested. Some useful pointers to
keep in mind when preparing a meal for
someone suffering from dengue are:
• Give the patient fresh fruit juice
frequently. Fruit juice is packed with
energy and vitamins. It helps in
digestion, increases urinary output, and
promotes antibodies for faster recover.
• Take two fresh papaya leaves, crush
them and squeeze them to extract the
juice. The patient should have about two
tablespoons of this juice every day.
This is a very good home remedy for the
treatment of dengue fever.
• Give porridge and baked toasts.
Biscuits with tea can also be given. The
tea should be herbal made with ginger,
cardamom, and other such fever-reducing
• Always seek advice from your doctor to
avoid any complications.
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