- A Healthy Food For The Heart'
B Sc. Home Science (LIC), PGDDPHN, Inst. of Home
– A HEALTHY FOOD FOR THE HEART
a rich source of soluble fiber and known for its cholesterol lowering
effect is another nutritious cereal like wheat. Though more popular in
West, various varieties are grown in parts of Rajasthan and is called
"Jaii" in common language.
- Each individual raw oat grain is cylindrical and is made of two parts:
the outer hull (the husk), and the oat kernel (groat). Oats are
processed in mills where they are subjected to stabilization which
facilitates its shelling. After polishing, they are transversely cut
into pieces and on further grinding Oat meal is obtained. The
composition of Indian oatmeal is as follows: Moisture - 10.6%, Protein-
13.6%, Carbohydrate - 62.6%, Fat - 7.6%, Fiber - 3.5%.
which is derived from the outer layer of Oat groat, is an excellent
source of soluble fiber Research studies conducted has proved that Oat
bran fiber has substantial cholesterol lowering effect. The soluble
fiber binds with cholesterol, which is then shunted out of the body, and
their level falls. Consuming a high fiber diet including Oat bran also
helps diabetic and obese patients. Oat flakes or rolled Oats are another
wholesome and palatable form of Oatmeal.
With sundry health foods available today, oat can be included in a
variety of ways as a part of high fiber diet. Either as a breakfast
cereal with honey, fruit or skimmed milk or Oat bran can be incorporated
as a complete or partial substitute for wheat flour which can then be
used for making chapaties, cookies, biscuits, muffins etc.
So next time you go shopping try getting some Oat to your dining
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